Painful Abscessed Tooth

A painful abscessed tooth is essentially an infection that leads to the swelling of gums and severe pain. The medical term used to describe such an infection is ‘dentoalveolar abscess’.While the pain is just one of the symptoms, the patient can also expect a collection of pus within the inflamed gums. The infection, if left untreated, attacks the roots of the tooth and surrounding bone. This may even lead to formation of cysts. The tooth may become untreatable eventually leading to tooth loss,which is definitely detrimental to ones oral health. Sometimes if the abscess burst releasing the pressure build up by the infection, the patient will have some temporary relief from pain. But as the offending tooth( the centre for infection is still there), it will affect the jawbone and other areas in the oral cavity by spreading the infection.

What causes this infection?

The usual cause is bacteria in the unchecked dental decay. When these bacteria reach the vital part of the tooth, they set in infection which will grow to Dental abscess. Other possible causes is the case of traumatic injuries, the tooth may loose its life, may become dis-colored and may develop an abscess.In rare situations the tooth may develop abscess from uncontrolled,extensive gums infection as well.

What are the signs of a abscessed tooth?

It is a common tendency for people to ignore slight pain and discomfort. However, in case of oral health these may be the warning signs. If action is taken at this stage, it may completely resolve the existing or upcoming deterioration of dental health.

  • Inability to stand hot/cold food on that tooth resulting in severe pain
  • Cavity/mobility/discoloration of tooth
  • Inability to chew food on that tooth
  • Pain of different intensities
  • Swelling and redness inside/outside of mouth and possible pus discharge at later stage
  • Restriction in mouth opening
  • Depending on the location of toothreferred pain in the temple, ear and neck
  • May keep you awake at night
  • At an advanced stage, the infection can cause fever and chills as well as nausea.
  • On touching the affected area it will feel comparatively tender.

Although, this list is not exhaustive, it gives our patients a fair idea of the situation and more importantly an indication of the fact that he/she must visit our Dentists immediately.